Handicraft is the art of creating objects through the transformation of raw materials, using the hands as the main working tool. Tools and equipment are always auxiliary, not overlapping the manual work. Handicraft production involves different stages, such as obtaining the raw material, processing it, making the objects, and selling them. It can be done by an individual or by a group, depending on the production process and on the geographical, environmental, social, and economic conditions of the community. It is often accompanied by actions such as singing, prayers, rituals and festivals that connect handicraft work to other aspects of life, such as religion and social interaction. Handicrafts always manifest individual and collective aspects. The choices, gestures and rhythm of the artisan are registered in the object, as well as the aesthetic characteristics, values and cultural identity shared by a group of people.
Patchwork and handicrafts are an economical, creative, and noble way to make the items you need. For example, with EVA you can make flower arrangements, baby shoes, fake cakes for party decoration, and children’s clothes. Among other materials that Yahweh Leather offers for creative work, we have chair covers, TNT, synthetic straw, acrylic blankets, Velcro fasteners, adhesives and contact glues. By definition, this is a craft technique used to produce items made from natural raw materials. Craftsmanship is usually done at home, in the home, or in small workshops. It dates back to the Neolithic period, when early humans polished stones to make weapons and items for hunting and fishing, pottery to store food, and weaving to make hammocks, clothing, and quilts. Where to start? Below are some of the possibilities available to start crafting your own art techniques and materials.
Patchwork and handicrafts, what is it? The term, in English, means patchwork. The technique consists in weaving quilts by joining fragments of various fabrics, using creative stitching. It can also be applied to the covering and making of pillows, bags, rugs, rag dolls, pouffes, sofa covers, and the customization of MDF trays and boxes, among others. To begin, the technique requires some materials that, many times, we already have at home: rulers, scissors, compasses, stylet, thread, pencils, tape measure, needles, pins, cardboard, iron. It is important to be careful when storing cutting boards and rulers, which should always be kept flat to prevent warping, while scissors should be kept in a safe place (especially if you have children at home).
Using the correct material makes all the difference in the final work: 100% cotton fabrics (tricoline is the most recommended) do not unravel much, are firmer than synthetics, and come in a huge variety of prints. Be aware of fabrics with elastane, because they lose elasticity over time and can disfigure your work, increasing disproportionately in size. It is made in three layers, which are joined by machine or hand seams. The top is the top, where the main decorative work is done with the patchwork; then comes the filling, which is in the middle and is what gives the patchwork its volume; and finally the lining, usually a one-piece fabric, which is at the bottom for finishing. Before you start, be sure to wash the fabric with mild soap and water and iron it before using it. This way you are not caught by surprise with ink stains or shrinkage. Step by step to make your first quilt is simple:
- Separate the scraps you will use and cut them into the shapes and sizes you prefer;
- Join two scraps at a time, either by hand or machine stitching;
- Continue joining the pieces until you reach the size you have planned;
- Cut the filling and the lining 3 or 4 centimeters longer than the size of the top;
- Finally, join all the layers together.
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