Hello, crocheter or crocheter! History is something that is part of us. Of people, of civilizations, and of every creation made by human beings. It is what makes us understand more about a certain subject, understand the reasons and the whys of everything being the way it is today. Today, we are going to talk about the history of crochet, this art that enchants us so much. Are you ready? The word Crochet has its origin in the French word “croc”, which in French means hook.
According to historians, crochet works have their origin in prehistoric times. The art of crochet was developed in the 16th century. There is no concrete evidence about exactly where this art originated. However, what is known is that Crochet gained ground from 1800 on, when the Frenchwoman Riego de La Branchardiere designed patterns that could be easily copied and published a book so that other people could reproduce these designs.
Origins – The origins of this ancient art are still uncertain. Some believe its emergence took place in prehistoric times, others believe it was 1500 years before Christ, and some say crochet has existed since humans began civilizations. Whatever the case, this handcraft has been in history for thousands of years. There are indications that in the beginning, crochet existed for men’s clothing, geared towards hunting and fishing, and the art was only done with the fingers.
Crochet as we know it – Crochet as we know it today has its origin in the sixteenth century and one of the most accepted theories about its beginning shows that it began in Arabia, in the Middle East, reaching the whole world due to trade routes of the Mediterranean, becoming extremely popular in tribes in South America. Another theory says that the origin of crochet was in China, because the Chinese made dolls with this technique, and it seems that this was before there was any evidence of the practice in the Middle East.
Wherever this art appeared, the fact is that it has spread around the world since the 19th century, when the Frenchwoman Riego de La Branchardière designed patterns that could be copied by people, and published about 100 books to spread the technique. Look at the origin of the recipes there! Then came “crochet in the air”, a French technique that used only thread and needle, as we know it. After all, it previously had a “tambour”, as in embroidery, see the example in the image above. The technique was performed by humble people, which generated a certain devaluation. Crochet was seen as a cheaper way to create lace and bobbin, which were extremely expensive and luxurious. Until Queen Victoria (pictured above), of England, started buying the pieces and learned how to produce them, which changed the mentality of the people of the time and put the pieces on the level of fashion. Due to the French Revolution, the technique also started to be spread to the nobility, becoming a hobby and then widely accepted by the elites.
History of crochet in Ireland – One of the most striking was the Irish crochet, because during the period of the Great Famine (19th century), the population lived in precarious working and living conditions, and the planting could no longer occur because of the potato disease. This resulted in thousands of people dying of starvation. The spread of the technique helped save many families. Men, women and children learned to crochet during the period and began to support their homes with this work. Schools were established and teachers trained to teach the techniques around the country to enable thousands of families to survive the period that took 25% of the Irish population.