Patchwork is an art form that uses decorative structures formed by the joining of fabric scraps and that had its origin in craftsmanship in the ancient world. Primitive man used animal skins for protection against the cold. These garments had the thickness of the large animal, and then pieces were assembled by joining small animal skins together. Later, the use of natural fibers-cotton, linen, silk-brought more wear to the material, and women, who usually sewed, began to use patchwork in the composition of their garments.
The main assemblies are made into bedspreads, pillowcases, towels, curtains, or wall hangings. For aesthetic reasons, techniques from different places were established and continue to be passed down from generation to generation. For many centuries, fine printed fabrics were used to make the quilt in West India. The cloth market was the basis for the creation of the East India Company, but soon the import of these fabrics was banned in the West to allow the development of the printed cloth industry in Europe.
Current techniques: The techniques used today originate from the repair of much-used quilts (mid-18th century)that were renewed by applying patchwork. These pieces, our current quilts or blankets, include a quilt, which is the layer of filling placed between two layers of fabric and held in place by sewing small stitches. “Quilt”, in the Portuguese language spoken in Brazil and in the patchwork universe, has become a kind of synonym for “quilt” or “quilt”. The evolution of the art of patchwork – The patchwork was used for economy, but in the 19th century, when cotton became cheap and abundant, it became a fashionable pastime in Europe, especially in England. It was used on furniture, and gave rise to crazy work, which consisted of coins thrown in “at random” and assembled by decorative stitching. Except for a brief period in the 1930s of the last century, the patchwork fad increased after World War I and is now resurging in popularity both for the reuse of old fabrics in the era of sustainable economy and for the pleasure of practicing a creative hobby that can give rise to a group activity.
The renaissance in the United States – Much of the revival of patchwork, which – by the way – has never stopped being in vogue, was with the work of American artists. Quilts had been a part of social and domestic life since the arrival of the pioneers. Due to the scarcity of supplies in a non-industrialized society, families had to use even the smallest piece of cloth they had brought from Europe.
The long winters and lack of distractions prompted the making of quilts to pass the time, in a sociable and useful way. The main part of the quilt was made during the winter and the upholstery awaited the following summer, when the quilt was assembled. It could take weeks for a single person to finish a quilt job,but if the neighbors helped,it would be finished much faster. Once the work was finished, a party would celebrate the occasion. The presentation of a crafted quilt with friends was often the main attraction of an engagement party or the celebration of coming of age at 21. Initially, New World housewives reproduced patterns brought from their home countries and passed them on to their descendants. Each generation of young women added something new, and so hundreds of patterns ended up adding the original name and evolving as they were copied. Some patterns recalled a major date in history, social or family events, or were inspired by the religion and beliefs of the farmers.
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